September 22, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Chickenpox's initial symptoms include a prodrome of fever and malaise (common in adults) 1-2 days before the onset of a characteristic rash. The rash is pruritic and first appears on the head, chest and back before spreading to the extremities.

September 21, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Chickenpox is a highly contagious, vaccine-preventable, viral illness characterized by a rash that spreads in a cephalocaudal (head to toe) progression and rapidly progresses from macules and papules to vesicles and then scabs.

September 20, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Exanthem subitum is an acute viral illness characterized by 3-5 days of high fever followed by defervescence and the appearance of a blanching macular or maculopapular centrifugal rash.

September 19, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Human herpes virus 6 is the most frequent cause of exanthem subitum (also termed sixth disease, roseola), but it can also be caused by human herpes virus 7, enteroviruses or adenoviruses.

September 18, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Erythema infectiosum is a self-limiting febrile viral illness that produces a characteristic “slapped cheek” facial rash followed by a lace-like reticular rash of the trunk and extremities. Patients are most infectious prior to rash development.

September 17, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Rubella and measles are similar but have some distinct differences. Rubella is characterized by low-grade fever, lymphadenopathy and rash. Measles is characterized by high-grade fever, cough, coryza, conjunctivitis and rash.

September 16, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
With rubella, up to 70% of adolescents and adult females develop arthralgia and arthritis that may persist for several months. Complications are more common in older patients and may include thrombocytopenic purpura and encephalitis.

September 15, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Following a 12- to 23-day incubation period, patients with rubella develop a low-grade fever, lymphadenopathy and a mild maculopapular rash that proceeds in a cephalocaudal (head to toe) and outward progression.

September 14, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Rubella (also called the german measles, 3-day measles) is a contagious, vaccine-preventable, viral illness characterized by low-grade fever, lymphadenopathy and a mild 3-day maculopapular rash.

September 13, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Patients with mumps are considered contagious and should be isolated, with droplet precautions for at least 5 days after the onset of parotitis. Treatment is mostly supportive. Vaccination is the best way to prevent mumps.

September 12, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Mumps is a vaccine preventable, viral illness known to cause parotitis. The virus reproduces in the upper respiratory tract and is spread via saliva, oropharyngeal secretions and respiratory droplets.

September 11, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Measles cause Koplik spots that are a temporary viral enanthem and are pathognomonic. Fever is high grade and tends to last for about 4 days and occurs concurrently with conjunctivitis, coryza and cough.

September 10, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Measles causes prodromal symptoms, including high fever, malaise, conjunctivitis, coryza and cough. Koplik spots, small white to gray spots on the buccal mucosa opposite the lower molars, may appear 2-3 days before the viral exanthem.

September 9, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Measles, which as a 7- to 21-day incubation period, is a highly contagious, vaccine preventable, viral illness characterized by a high fever, cough, coryza and conjunctivitis followed by a maculopapular rash.

September 8, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Amebiasis symptoms include fever, malaise, abdominal pain, weight loss and bloody diarrhea. These amebas can cause flask-shaped ulcers in the colonic mucosa and rarely, large granulomatous masses (amebomas).