April 29, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Depression may be the final expression of (1) genetic factors (neurotransmitter dysfunction), (2) developmental problems (personality problems, childhood events) or (3) psychosocial stresses (divorce, unemployment).

April 28, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
The neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a catatonia-like state manifested by extrapyramidal signs, blood pressure changes, altered consciousness and hyperpyrexia. It is a serious complication of antipsychotic treatment.

April 27, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Akathisia is the most common extrapyramidal symptom. It usually occurs early in treatment (but may persist after antipsychotics are discontinued) and is frequently mistaken for anxiety or exacerbation of psychosis.

April 26, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Schizophrenia is manifested by a massive disruption of thinking, mood and overall behavior as well as poor filtering of stimuli. At present, there is no laboratory method for confirming the diagnosis of schizophrenia.

April 25, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Core gender identity reflects a biologic self-image, the conviction that “I am a boy” or “I am a girl” is usually developed by age 3 or 4. Gender dysphoria refers to the development of a sexual identity that is the opposite of the biologic one.

April 24, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
La belle indifferénce, meaning "beautiful indifference" is a naive, inappropriate calmness or lack of concern in the face of perceptions by others of one's disability, often seen in those with conversion disorder.

April 23, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Retention of consciousness, random flailing with asynchronous movements of the right and left sides and resistance to having the nose and mouth pinched closed during the attack, all point toward a pseudoepileptic event.

April 22, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may respond to systematic desensitization therapy. The treatment involves gradually exposing the patient to situations that the patient fears.

April 21, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
There is an overlapping of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and other behaviors (OCD spectrum), including tics, trichotillomania, excoriation disorder (skin picking), hoarding, onychophagia, Tourette syndrome and eating disorders.

April 20, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), an irrational idea or impulse persistently intrudes into awareness. In OCD, obsessions (recurring anxiety provoking thoughts) and compulsions (repetitive actions or rituals) are present.

April 19, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
When coping mechanisms for stress management are not functioning, the results are problems such as phobias or dissociative states. Lack of structure is often a contributing factor, as noted in those people who have “Sunday neuroses.”

April 18, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Phobias are fears of a specific object or situation that are out of proportion to the danger posed and they tend to be chronic. Social phobias are global or specific. Agoraphobia is frequently associated with severe panic attacks.

April 17, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Anxiety can become self-generating, since the symptoms reinforce the reaction, causing it to spiral. This is often the case when the anxiety is an epiphenomenon of other medical or psychiatric disorders.

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April 16, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
The principal components of anxiety are psychological (tension, fears, difficulty in concentration, apprehension) and somatic (tachycardia, hyperventilation, shortness of breath, palpitations, tremor, sweating).

April 15, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
The key to establishing the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) lies in the history of exposure to a life-threatening event followed by intrusive (flashbacks, nightmares) or avoidance (withdrawal) symptoms.

April 14, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Psychiatric Nursing

Category: Psychiatric Nursing 
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a syndrome characterized by “reexperiencing” a traumatic event (sexual assault, military combat) and decreased responsiveness and avoidance of current events when associated with the trauma. 

April 13, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Acute kidney injury is worsening of kidney function over hours to days, resulting in the retention of nitrogenous wastes (such as urea nitrogen) and creatinine in the blood. Retention of these substances is called azotemia.

April 12, 2017

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
In acute cases of hyperventilation, there is light-headedness, anxiety, perioral numbness and paresthesias. Tetany occurs from a low ionized calcium, since severe alkalosis increases calcium binding to albumin.