August 26, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Pleural tubes are typically placed to evacuate a pneumothorax or drain a pleural fluid collection. They can be small pigtail catheters or large bore and are inserted between the ribs in the midlateral or lower-lateral chest.

August 25, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Central lines are usually placed to monitor cardiac or pulmonary arterial pressures. The normal course is almost circular: down the SVC, through the right atrium and right ventricle and out into the main pulmonary and peripheral pulmonary arteries.

August 24, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
In an adult or child the endotracheal tube (ET) tip should be at least 1 cm above the carina, and preferably slightly more. A tube in a lower position can obstruct airflow to one side and cause atelectasis (collapse) of a lung or a portion of a lung.

August 23, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Chest x-rays on ambulatory patients are usually done with the subject’s chest up against the detector plate. The x-ray tube is behind the patient, and the x-ray beam passes in from the back and exits the front of the chest.

August 22, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
The primary advantages of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are that it obtains exquisite images of the central nervous system and stationary soft tissues (such as the knee joint). It also does not use ionizing radiation.

August 21, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Nuclear medicine images are made by a gamma camera or positron emission scanner that records radiation emanating from the patient and makes an image of the distribution of the radioactive material.

August 20, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Nuclear medicine images are made by giving the patient a short-lived radioactive material. The most commonly used radionuclides decay rapidly and have half-lives of only minutes or hours.

August 19, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
The technology of ultrasound is attractive because it does not use ionizing radiation and the machines are relatively inexpensive. For these reasons, ultrasound has found widespread use in obstetrics.

August 18, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
The appeal of computed tomography (CT) is that a large number of structures are visualized simultaneously. In a patient with abdominal pain, one CT scan shows the liver, adrenal glands, kidneys, spleen, aorta, pancreas and other structures.

August 17, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Computed tomography (CT) is presented as a series of slices of tissue. The method is similar in principle to slicing a loaf of bread and pulling up one slice at a time to examine it. CT is a two-dimensional display of two-dimensional information.

August 16, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
About 1 in 1000 patients have a severe reaction to intravascular contrast. This may be a vasovagal reaction, laryngeal edema, severe hypotension, an anaphylactic-type reaction or cardiac arrest.

August 15, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Remember that standard or plain x-rays are two-dimensional presentations of three-dimensional information. This is why frontal and lateral views are often needed. Without these, mistakes can easily be made.

August 14, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Medical Surgical Nursing

Category: Medical Surgical Nursing 
Four basic tissue densities, or shades are visible on plain x-rays. These are air, fat, water (blood and soft tissue) and bone. Air is black or very dark. Bone and calcium appear almost white. Items that contain metal and contrast also appear white.

August 13, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by diffuse musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance and chronic headaches. Weather changes, fatigue and stress exacerbate symptoms.

August 12, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Pediatric Nursing

Catgory: Pediatric Nursing 
The vasculitides are a group of conditions that involve inflammation of blood vessels. They are classified by the size of the blood vessels affected. The two most common forms in childhood are Henoch-Schonlein Purpura and Kawasaki Disease.

August 11, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototype of immune complex diseases. Its pathogenesis is related to the formation of antibody-antigen complexes that exist in the circulation and deposit in the involved tissues.

August 10, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Pediatric Nursing

Category: Pediatric Nursing 
Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor in children. It usually presents as a pain-free mass. When present, pain is caused by bursitis or tendinitis due to irritation by the tumor.

August 9, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Pediatric Nursing

Category: Pediatric Nursing 
Cavus foot consists of an unusually high longitudinal arch of the foot. It may be hereditary or associated with neurologic conditions such as poliomyelitis, hereditary sensory motor neuropathies and diastematomyelia.

August 8, 2016

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Pediatric Nursing

Category: Pediatric Nursing 
Epiphyseal separations (also referred to as epiphyseal fractures) are more common than ligamentous injuries in children since the ligaments of the joints are generally stronger than their associated growth plates.