December 6, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Vaginitis is a generic term for inflammation of the vagina caused by infection, atrophy, and/or changes in the normal flora. Signs and symptoms of vaginitis can include pain, pruritus, dyspareunia, dysuria and discharge.

December 5, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
As per the CDC treatment guidelines, a variety of antibiotics are effective at treating donovanosis. The recommended regimen is azithromycin 1 g orally per week or 500 mg orally per day for at least 3 weeks and until all lesions have healed.

December 4, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Donovanosis begins as a small, painless papule or nodule that evolves into a beefy-red, friable ulcer. The ulcer is also painless, has a granulomatous base, expands slowly and can spread via autoinoculation.

December 3, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Donovanosis is a sexually transmitted disease that causes painless, slowly progressive, chronic, beefy-red ulcerations on the genital and perineal areas without significant lymphadenopathy.

December 2, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
The recommended regimen for the treatment of chancroid is azithromycin 1 g orally as a single dose, ceftriaxone 250 mg IM as a single dose, ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily for 3 days or erythromycin 500 mg orally three times a day for 7 days.

December 1, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Chancroid (also termed soft chancre) is a sexually transmitted disease that causes painful, well-circumscribed, nonindurated (soft), genital ulcers with ragged edges and inguinal lymphadenopathy.

November 30, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Scabies can spread rapidly in crowded conditions such as nursing homes, prisons, homeless shelters and refugee camps. Crusted scabies is highly contagious. Scabies mites cannot survive off of the human body for more than 3 days.

November 29, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
For scabies, permethrin 5% cream is applied to all areas of the body, sparing the face, and left on for 8-14 hours and repeated in 1-2 weeks. Oral ivermectin 200 μg/kg as a single dose and repeated 2 weeks later is an alternative regimen.

November 28, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
The hallmark symptom of scabies is intense pruritus, often worse at night. Patients may also develop a small papular rash at infected areas and fine burrows may be visualized in the interdigital web spaces.

November 27, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Scabies is a topical ectoparasite spread by close personal contact. The disease is characterized by intense pruritus (itching) caused by sensitization to the mite’s feces. Initial infections have a longer incubation and delayed onset of pruritus.

November 26, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Trichomoniasis recommendations (from the Centers for Disease Control) include metronidazole or tinidazole as a single 2 g oral dose. The alternative regimen calls for metronidazole 500 mg orally, twice daily, for 7 days.

November 25, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
HSV-1 transmission via skin-to-skin or skin-to-mat contact in wrestling is known as herpes gladiatorum. Herpes gingivostomatitis is a herpes simplex infection of the mouth and gums, herpes simplex of the finger is known as whitlow.

November 24, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Herpetic lesions begin as papules, then progress to vesicles, ulcerations and then crust over and heal without scarring. In addition to localized lesions, infections include systemic symptoms such as fever, headache and lymphadenopathy.

November 23, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Herpes simplex is a life-long viral infection caused by either the HSV-1 or HSV-2 virus. Primary infections occur when a patient is infected with either HSV-1 or HSV-2 for the first time. Recurrent infections occur when the HSV infection is reactivated.

November 22, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
The WHO is working diligently to eliminate blindness caused by trachoma by 2020 and has developed the SAFE initiative. This is a combination of efforts that includes Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement.