May 28, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
The human shoulder joint is remarkable for its degrees of motion. The glenohumeral joint has the greatest range of motion of any joint in the body, largely because of the loose joint capsule and the shallow nature of the glenoid fossa.

May 27, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Fourth-degree burns extend deeply into subcutaneous tissue, muscle, fascia or bone. These burns are characteristically caused by contact with molten metal, flame, or high-voltage electricity.

May 26, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Third-degree burns result from complete loss of the dermis and may extend into subcutaneous tissue. These burns usually appear dry, pearly white or charred. They are initially painless, with a leathery texture.

May 25, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Second-degree burns involve the epidermis and extend into the dermis to include the sweat glands and hair follicles. Superficial second-degree burns involve only the papillary dermis. These burns are pink, moist and extremely painful.

May 24, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
First-degree burns involve the epidermis only. The skin is reddened but is intact and not blistered. Minor edema may be noted. Causes include ultraviolet light (as in sunburn) and brief thermal “flash” burns.

May 23, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
General anesthesia is a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients cannot be aroused, even by painful stimulation. Patients frequently need assistance in maintaining a patent airway and positive pressure ventilation may be required.

May 22, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Deep sedation is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully after repeated or painful stimulation. The ability to maintain ventilatory function may be impaired.

May 21, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Dissociative sedation is a trancelike cataleptic state induced by the dissociative agent ketamine and characterized by profound analgesia and amnesia with retention of protective airway reflexes and cardiopulmonary stability.

May 20, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Moderate sedation (formerly conscious sedation) is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation.

May 19, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Minimal sedation (anxiolysis) is a drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. Although cognitive function and coordination may be impaired, ventilatory and cardiovascular function is unaffected.

May 18, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
One unit of PRBCs contains the same red cell mass as 1 unit of whole blood. One unit of PRBCs raises the hematocrit by approximately 3% in an adult or increases the hemoglobin level of a 70-kg individual by 1 g/dL.

May 17, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Central venous access remains a cornerstone of resuscitation. Hemodynamic monitoring, rapid infusion of fluid, placement of transvenous pacemakers, and administration of some medications all require central venous access.

May 16, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Arterial puncture is the most accurate blood sampling technique for true arterial blood gas and acid-base determination. The absence of arterial blood pressure defines cardiac arrest and serves as a definitive endpoint for resuscitative efforts.

May 15, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Minimize pauses in chest compressions because even short pauses profoundly affect coronary perfusion pressure and outcomes. Long pauses in chest compressions before delivery of a shock are associated with failure of defibrillation.

May 14, 2024

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Quality chest compression increases the efficacy of drugs administered during resuscitation, whereas inadequate circulation leads to minimal effects from peripherally delivered drugs.