February 4, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Osteoarthritis can result in chronic pain, restricted range of motion and muscle weakness. The joints commonly affected include the knees, hips, cervical and lumbar spine, distal interphalangeal joints and the carpometacarpal joint.

February 3, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Fundamentals

Category: Fundamentals 
Osteoarthritis, formerly known as degenerative joint disease, is the most common joint problem in the United States. Although prevalent, it is often undiagnosed because clinical signs and symptoms are attributed to the normal aging process.

February 2, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Pelvic inflammatory disease consists of several inflammatory disorders of the upper female genital tract that include any combination of endometritis, salpingitis, tubo-ovarian abscess and pelvic peritonitis.

February 1, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Because antiviral medications are excreted by the renal system, caution should be used in patients with renal disease. They should also be prescribed cautiously for pregnant patients and are contraindicated in breast-feeding patients.

January 31, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
The three first-line systemic agents used to control genital herpes infections are acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir. These drugs inhibit viral DNA replication and are highly effective.

January 30, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Penicillin decreases the effect of oral contraceptives. Hyperkalemia can result from concurrent use of potassium-sparing diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and potassium supplements with parenteral penicillin G.

January 29, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Penicillins are bactericidal. They disrupt synthesis of the bacterial cell wall and bind to enzyme proteins, interfering with the biosynthesis of mucopeptides and preventing the structural components of the cell wall from leaking out.

January 28, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Adults with primary or secondary syphilis should be treated with penicillin G benzathine (Bicillin). Other choices for unusual situations include doxycycline, tetracycline (Achromycin), ceftriaxone and erythromycin.

January 27, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Definitive methods for diagnosing early syphilis include dark-field examination and direct fluorescent antibody study of the chancre’s exudate or tissue. The serologic tests used to confirm the syphilis diagnosis are nontreponemal and treponemal.

January 26, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
A syphilis chancre erupts 3 weeks after exposure. Signs and symptoms of secondary syphilis are low-grade fever, malaise, sore throat, hoarseness, headache, anorexia, rash, mucocutaneous lesions, alopecia and adenopathy.

January 25, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Syphilis is a chronic, infectious disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Infection may be active and characterized by symptoms, or inactive (latent). The latent stage has no clinical symptoms.

January 24, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Gonococcal infection may be transmitted to infants exposed to infected cervical exudate at birth. Manifestations of the infection in newborns include ophthalmia neonatorum, which may result in perforation of the ocular globe and blindness.

January 23, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Extensive clinical experience shows that ceftriaxone is safe and effective for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea at all sites, with a cure rate of 99.1% in clinical trials for uncomplicated urogenital and anorectal infections.

January 22, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Gonorrhea is caused by N. gonorrhoeae, a gram-negative diplococcal bacterium. It is transmitted by sexual contact, and the rate of male-to-female transmission is higher than female-to-male or male-to-male.

January 21, 2023

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
If compliance for the treatment of chlamydial infections is in question, azithromycin should be used for treatment because it is prepared as a single-dose drug. Doxycycline, however, has been used more extensively and is less expensive.