November 29, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
For scabies, permethrin 5% cream is applied to all areas of the body, sparing the face, and left on for 8-14 hours and repeated in 1-2 weeks. Oral ivermectin 200 μg/kg as a single dose and repeated 2 weeks later is an alternative regimen.

November 28, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
The hallmark symptom of scabies is intense pruritus, often worse at night. Patients may also develop a small papular rash at infected areas and fine burrows may be visualized in the interdigital web spaces.

November 27, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Scabies is a topical ectoparasite spread by close personal contact. The disease is characterized by intense pruritus (itching) caused by sensitization to the mite’s feces. Initial infections have a longer incubation and delayed onset of pruritus.

November 26, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Trichomoniasis recommendations (from the Centers for Disease Control) include metronidazole or tinidazole as a single 2 g oral dose. The alternative regimen calls for metronidazole 500 mg orally, twice daily, for 7 days.

November 25, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
HSV-1 transmission via skin-to-skin or skin-to-mat contact in wrestling is known as herpes gladiatorum. Herpes gingivostomatitis is a herpes simplex infection of the mouth and gums, herpes simplex of the finger is known as whitlow.

November 24, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Herpetic lesions begin as papules, then progress to vesicles, ulcerations and then crust over and heal without scarring. In addition to localized lesions, infections include systemic symptoms such as fever, headache and lymphadenopathy.

November 23, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Herpes simplex is a life-long viral infection caused by either the HSV-1 or HSV-2 virus. Primary infections occur when a patient is infected with either HSV-1 or HSV-2 for the first time. Recurrent infections occur when the HSV infection is reactivated.

November 22, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
The WHO is working diligently to eliminate blindness caused by trachoma by 2020 and has developed the SAFE initiative. This is a combination of efforts that includes Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement.

November 21, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Active trachoma is most common in young children and is often asymptomatic or manifests as conjunctivitis with ocular discharge. Inflammation leads to the formation of characteristic follicles on the upper tarsal conjunctiva.

November 20, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Trachoma is a chlamydial infection of the eye characterized by repeated infections, scarring of the conjunctiva, inversion of the eyelids, opacification of the cornea and blindness. Trachoma is the number one cause of infectious blindness worldwide.

November 19, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
In women, chlamydia affects the cervix and can progress into the upper genital tract, causing salpingitis and pelvic inflammatory disease. In cervicitis, women may complain of discharge, intermenstrual bleeding, dyspareunia and pelvic pain.

November 18, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Chlamydia is a common cause of urethritis in men and cervicitis in women. It is the most common reportable sexually transmitted disease in the United States and is frequently asymptomatic in both men and women.

November 17, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Primary infection of syphilis causes painless, nonpruritic chancres. Without treatment, secondary syphilis will occur 4-10 weeks later and often presents as a nonpruritic, reddish-pink rash on the trunk, palms and soles.

November 16, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the gram-negative spirochete Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. Infections can be chronic and progress through four stages: primary, secondary, latent and tertiary.

November 15, 2021

Nursing Tip of the Day! - Infectious Diseases

Category: Infectious Diseases 
Pubic lice (Phthris pubis) are topical ectoparasites that commonly attach to pubic hair and are sexually transmitted. They are 1-3 mm long, broad bodied and resemble crabs when magnified (hence the name).